Myanmar requires a visa for all foreigners visiting the country. It is valid for 28 days starting from the day you enter the country, three months from the date of issue. You can obtain a visa from Myanmar Embassies in the various countries. The international points of entry and exit Myanmar are Yangon International Airport and Mandalay International Airport. Show your passport with valid entry visa, disembarkation card on arrival to the Immigration officer at the International Airport (Yangon or Mandalay).
A valid passport with Entry visa is required for all tourists & businessmen, applicable at Myanmar Embassies and Consulate General Offices abroad.
Myanmar requires a visa for all foreigners visiting the country. It is valid for 28 days starting from the day you enter the country, three months from the date of issue. You can obtain a visa from Myanmar Embassies in the various countries. The international points of entry and exit in Myanmar are Yangon International Airport and Mandalay International Airport. A valid passport with Entry Visa is required of all visitors. A tourist visa allows a stay of 28 days, no extendible but visitors can make as overstay person up to 90 days and he or she will have to pay 3 USD per day for overstay. A business visa allows a stay of 70 days, extendible up to 6 months on a case by case basis(1st time extend up to 90 Days / 2nd time extend up to 90 Days, 3rd time extend up to 6 months) for single entry visa only. Visa on arrival is granted to both FITs and Package Tourists with the assistance of the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism. Overland entry is permitted to Thai tourists with border pass and for third country tourists with visa at Tachileik, Three Pagoda pass, Myawaddy and Kawthaung check points along Myanmar-Thai Border; and Chinese tourists with border pass and third country tourists with visa at Lweje, Nam Kham, Muse, Kyukoke, Kwanlong, MongLar Myanmar-China Border along. Show your passport with valid entry visa, disembarkation card on arrival to the Immigration officer at the International Airport (Yangon or Mandalay).
type of visa
Tourist Visa – a single-entry visa for tourists
applying online visa & requirements
This is a 100% online process. No documents are required to be sent or mailed but need to fill up your passport details and personal details on the form. Round Trip flight tickets and JPEG format photo of you are needed to show for online visa.
A JPEG format file of a recently taken photo of you. Please keep the image’s dimensions smaller than 150 pixels in width, and 150 pixels in height.
validity & length
The length of stay (and validity of visa). You must enter before the expiration of the visa. Tourist Visa – 28 days (valid for 90 days).
who need to apply?
Diplomatic and Official passport holders from ASEAN countries, the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation do not need to apply visa as agreed by the existing bilateral consular agreements. The rest are required to apply visa
valid port of entry
Currently, entry into the Union of Myanmar for visitors with valid online-approved visas is limited to 2 ports – Yangon International Airport and Mandalay International Airport.
“Visa Online” is a web-based entry visa application service. The website allows visitors to the Union of Myanmar to apply for their entry visas online, right from their home or work without having to appear at a consulate in person. Below is the step-by- step guide to applying for an entry visa online, and what to do after it’s been approved.
visa on arrival
When you plan to visit Myanmar, first of all, you should contact your tour operators for visas and other necessary matters. Some tour operators can provide you with Visa On Arrival (VOA). Before applying for VOA, one should submit the following requirements to the tour operator about 2 months before arrival to Myanmar.
1. A complete personal information form, available online.
2. A clearly scanned photo of the applicant.
3. A clear photo copy of the applicant’s passport.
4. Arrival details and description of the visitor’s desired trip.
1. Once theses needs are met, your tour operator will carry out the rest of the procedures such as sending required information to the Ministry of Hotel and Tourism. When approved from the Ministry, your tour operator will inform you and will send you the authorization letter from the authority via fax or email.
2. Finally, when you come to Myanmar, you will need 3 photos and a copy of the authorization letter that was sent to you by your tour operator.
3. Upon arrival at the airport, your tour operator will come to collect you and assist you with filling out the necessary forms to submit to the Immigration.
4. Visa on Arrival fees is US$ 50 per person and to be settled at the Immigration Department at the port’s arrival lounge.
immigration and custom formalities
Your valuables (jewelry, electronic equipment, etc.) should be declared on your customs declaration form upon arrival. Receipt of purchase and an export permit voucher for locally bought goods such as gems and jewelry may be required upon departure.
health and insurance
Health officials require certification of immunization against cholera, and against yellow fever if you have arrived within nine days after leaving or transiting an affected area. Proof of smallpox vaccination is no longer required. There are several hospitals and clinics in Yangon, some of which are under the Ministry of Health and some are privately owned. There is a wide range of variety in quality, expertise, expenses and services offered. The Pun Hlaing International Hospital is the first international hospital in Myanmar.
Foreigners are recommended to bring US Dollars into Myanmar because they are easily exchangeable for Foreign Exchange Certificate (FEC) at authorized money changers, who can also exchange directly into Kyat. Euros may also be exchanged into FEC at authorized money changer. Please be warned that torn, dirty and stained notes might not be able to accept.
Both tourists and business travelers holding an international Master Card, Visa, Maestro, Union Pay or Cirrus card are now able to withdraw money from ATMs in all major locations all around the country. For the time being we advise clients to count on their cards only as an emergency back-up. The exchange rates and the commission on foreign transactions vary, and the issues have been reported on the compatibility with all foreign banks. We would like to suggest keeping bringing sufficient cash for the duration of the trip just in case of any malfunctions.
Myanmar Kyat is the national currency with denominations of 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 5000 and 10000 available. At present, 1 US Dollar is worth approximately 1300 Myanmar Kyat. Previously it was possible to pay for most purchases in US Dollars, but as of October 2015, the government announced the revocation of foreign exchange licenses in a move that hopes to encourage the widespread use of Myanmar kyat as opposed to US dollars. Now you should expect to pay for all purchases using local currency. Even though most hotels accept cards, we would always recommend keeping enough money handy to cover any additional purchases at checkout.
Traveller Cheques are not accepted at present.
When you plan to bring some electronic devices, make sure that these work with our Domestic power A.C 220 – 250V 50Hz. The Power Line is 440V.
Myanmar has a tropical Monsoon climate with three seasons, hot, rainy and cool. The coastal regions have an average temperature of 32 °C and northern region, considered the coolest an average temperature of 21 °C. The central areas are the driest, while Yangon and the coastal areas receive the most rain during the monsoon season. During the monsoon resorts and hotels at Ngapali Beach are closed. Mar - May - Hot Season; hot, humid Jun - Sep - Rainy Season; cloudy, humid Oct - Feb - Cool Season; mild, sunny Please note: The weather can be unpredictable in Asia and we suggest you carry an umbrella or raincoat with you.
Most travelers will need vaccinations for hepatitis A, typhoid fever, and polio, as well as medications for malaria prophylaxis and travelers’ diarrhea. Other immunizations may be necessary depending upon the circumstances of the trip and the medical history of the traveler. Insect repellents are recommended, in conjunction with other measures to prevent mosquito bites. Before travelling, please ensure you have adequate protection against disease. Contact your doctor or health clinic for the latest medical advice on the vaccinations you need, no less than two months before your departure. Malaria is common in SE Asia and is mainly confined to remote and rural areas.
what to wear
• Light, casual cotton wear because of hot weather
• A cardigan or light jerkin, when visiting northern Myanmar in the cold season
• An umbrella during the rainy season
• Sandals or slippers
• Quick drying clothes are recommended if you visit during the rainy season or Thingyan
• The dress code for pagodas and monasteries prescribe decent apparel, no footwear is allowed when visiting pagodas and monasteries.
what to bring
• Insect repellent
• Sun block, sunglasses, hat, umbrella
• Personal medical kit
Note: Most of the necessary goods are available at supermarkets and nearby stores.
The majority of the people speak Myanmar (Burmese) and English is widely used.
Our office (or your Yangon Hotel – if you are returning there) will be happy to store luggage or belongings which you do not need to take upcountry.
food & drink
It is not advisable to drink tap water in Myanmar. Bottled water is cheap and widely available. Some hotels provide it on a complimentary basis. Myanmar food is a mixture of Indian and Chinese cuisine, with curries, soups and rice as staples. The national dish is Mohinga, a fish broth with rice vermicelli, onion, garlic and lime that is served with fish cakes and fritters usually eaten for breakfast.
gratuities and tipping
Myanmar people are genuinely happy to help foreign visitors and don’t expect anything in return. But if your guide, driver or any other person during your trip was especially kind or helpful a gratuity would be a generous gesture and greatly appreciated.
YAGNON: Yangon International Airport is located 20 km from downtown Yangon. The Arrival Terminal is located separately from the Departure Terminal and the Domestic Terminal and simplified procedures ensure that on arrival and departure, international passengers are processed quickly through immigration and customs. The Yangon International Airport works 24 hours daily.
MANDALAY: Mandalay International Airport is located in the centre of Myanmar about 35km outside Mandalay, the country’s second largest city. It takes approximately 1hr to get from the airport to the centre of the city. It is a modern airport with six passenger boarding bridges and three of them can handle modern Boeing 747-400 planes
MANDALAY: Mandalay International Airport is located in the centre of Myanmar about 35km outside Mandalay, the country’s second largest city. It takes approximately 1hr to get from the airport to the centre of the city. It is a modern airport with six passenger boarding bridges and three of them can handle modern Boeing 747-400 planes.
A Limousine Service Counter is located in the Arrival Hall. Major hotels provide transfer services; and taxis are also available. Passengers are advised not to use the services of touts for taxi or other services
• Government Offices 09:30 to 16:30 hrs. – Weekdays Mon to Fri.
• Banks 10:30 to 14:00 hrs. – Weekdays Mon to Fri.
• Shops 10:00 to 21:00 hrs. – Mon through Sat, some open on Sunday too
International Driving Permit required which must be presented to the authorities to endorse or issue a Visitor license.
Domestic Flights The main tourist centers are located at a distance from Yangon, and it is convenient for visitors to travel by domestic flights. Air Mandalay, Yangon Airways, Asian Wings, Air KBZ, Golden Myanmar Airlines, Mann Yadanarporn Airline are privately operated airlines flying throughout Myanmar. There is a 20 kilo limit for baggage per person and excess baggage fees may be charged. We suggest you leave items not needed upcountry in Yangon and collect them upon your return.
Yangon-Mandalay is the main rail link with four express trains running daily between Yangon and Mandalay. Furnished coaches (Cherry and Padauk) for a group of 4 or 8 persons are available. From Thazi on the Yangon- Mandalay line, a branch line runs to Shwenyaung (the nearest station to Inlay Lake) and to Taunggyi. From Mandalay, there are rail services to PyinOoLwin, Lashio, Monywa and Bagan. There is also a rail service from Yangon to Bagan which operate on alternate days.
• Dagon-man 951-277503
• Station Enquiry 951-274027
• Malikha-Mandalar 952-21385
• San Thaw Tar 951-221460
• Goods Train 951-222700
Most tourist sites are also accessible by road. There are 12 Highway Bus services running between Yangon and Mandalay using air-conditioned coaches. Traveling time is about 12 hours with brief stop via Nay Pyi Taw, Meikhtila. Limousine taxis and mini-buses are available in Yangon for sightseeing and up country tours.
Myanmar has many rivers and a large delta in which the Inland Water Transport operates a huge fleet of double and triple-decker boats. There is a regular service between Bhamaw and Mandalay and between Mandalay and Pyay (Prome) via Bagan.
If any tourist gets sick inspite of all the precautions, many hospitals can cater for foreigners medical needs. Some are as follows:
• SOS Assistance Inya Lake Hotel, 37 Kaba Aye Pagoda RoadTel : (95-1) 667877, 667879
• Kandawgyi Clinic NatmaukRoadTel : (95-1) 530083
• Pacific Medical Centre & Dental Surgery81, Kaba Aye Pagoda Road Tel : (95-1) 548022
Make sure that you check your air ticket confirmation with respective airlines before you leave. Domestic, International and Offline air ticket centers are available in Yangon and can be communicated very easily. You can also check with your respective travel agents, so that they can arrange for your holiday in Myanmar as well as check up on your flight schedules. For further information you can view in the Airline Offices.
Gems and jewelry purchased from authorized dealers (with vouchers) are allowed to be taken out. But antiques are not allowed to be taken out of the country. The following items are illegal to take out of the country:
• Prehistoric implements and artifacts
• Old coins
• Inscribed stones
• Historical documents
The airport tax is US$ 10 for international passengers, payable in FEC (Foreign Exchange Certificates). There is no airport tax on domestic flights.
duty free allowance
Two bottles of liquor, two cartons of cigarettes or 100 cigars and half liter of perfume are allowed per person. Yangon Airport arrival hall has a selection of duty free shops with a full range of items at a good price.
Road To Burma Travel does everything possible to ensure a safe and enjoyable trip. However, travel inevitably involves some risk and this should be recognized by holiday-makers. Travel insurance is a cost effective way of protecting yourself and belongings should any problems occur, such as cancelled trips, delays, medical emergencies, baggage loss or damage. It also gives you peace of mind. Please ensure you have adequate coverage for any adventure related activities.
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